Overexpression of macrophage colony-stimulating factor (CSF-1) and its receptor, c-fms, in normal ovarian granulosa cells leads to cell proliferation and tumorigenesis

Nagalakshmi Keshava, Siddeswar Gubba, Rajeshwar Rao Tekmal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the interdependent role of macrophage colony- stimulating factor (CSF-1) and its receptor (c-fms) on their induction and their role in granulosa cell tumorigenesis. METHODS: Normal ovarian granulosa cells were used to develop stable transfectants that overexpress CSF-1 or CSF-1/c-fms. CSF-1 was expressed under the control of tissue/cell specific α-inhibin promoter, and c-fms was expressed constitutively using a viral promoter. Stable transfectants were used to examine the effect of overexpression of these molecules on the proliferation, induction of autocrine loop, and tumorigenesis. RESULTS: Expression vectors were developed for CSF-1 and its receptor, c-fms, and used to generate stable transfects overexpressing these genes in granulosa cells. Data show that overexpression of CSF-1 leads to the induction of its receptor. Stable transfectants that overexpress CSF-1 show about a 2.5-fold increase in cell proliferation compared with normal granulosa cells, and these cells are also converted to anchorage-independent and tumorigenic phenotype. Using an antisense RNA approach, we also demonstrated that the increased cell proliferation is CSF- 1 specific. Concomitant overexpression of CSF-1 and c-fms further results in increased cell proliferation (sixfold), rapid anchorage-independent growth, and aggressive tumor formation. CONCLUSION: CSF-1 is capable of inducing its own receptor, and, similarly, the CSF-1 receptor, c-fms, can also induce its growth factor ligand. These studies also demonstrate the interdependent role of these genes in transformation of normal ovarian granulosa cells to a tumorigenic phenotype and suggest the possibility of a similar role for these genes in progression of ovarian cancer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)41-49
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the Society for Gynecologic Investigation
Volume6
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1999
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • C-fms
  • CSF-1
  • Granulosa tumor model
  • MCSF
  • Ovarian cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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