Background Tibial interventions for critical limb ischemia are frequent in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) presenting with critical ischemia. The aim of this study was to examine impact of ESRD on the patient-centered outcomes following tibial endovascular Intervention for rest pain. Methods A database of patients undergoing lower extremity endovascular interventions between 2006 and 2016 was retrospectively queried. Patients with rest pain (Rutherford 4) were identified. Patients with claudication (Rutherford 1 to 3) and tissue loss (Rutherford 5 and 6) were excluded. Patients were categorized by the presence or absence of ESRD. Patient-orientated outcomes of clinical efficacy (CE; absence of recurrent symptoms, maintenance of ambulation, and absence of major amputation), amputation-free survival (AFS; survival without major amputation), and freedom from major adverse limb events (MALEs; above ankle amputation of the index limb or major reintervention new bypass graft, jump/interposition graft revision) were evaluated. Results A total of 829 patients (56% male, average age 59 years; 658 nonhemodialysis [non-HD] and 171 HD) underwent isolated tibial intervention in one leg for rest pain. Technical success was 99% with a median of 2 vessels treated per patient. There was no difference in the distribution of Trans-Atlantic Inter-Society Consensus I lesions, but both the modified Society for Vascular Surgery (SVS) runoff score and the pedal runoff score were worse in the HD group. The 30-day major adverse cardiac events and 30-day MALEs were equivalent in both groups. CE was 38 ± 9% and 19 ± 8% at 5 years for the non-HD and HD groups, respectively (P < 0.01). Overall, AFS was 45 ± 8% and 18 ± 9% at 5 years for the non-HD and HD groups, respectively (P < 0.01). Freedom from MALE was 41 ± 9% and 21 ± 8% at 5 years for the non-HD and HD groups, respectively (P < 0.01). Conclusions Patients with ESRD who present with rest pain have equivalent short-term outcomes to those not on dialysis but do not achieve long-term satisfactory CE and AFS after isolated tibial intervention for rest pain.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine