Outcomes of Bankart Repairs Using Modern Arthroscopic Technique in an Athletic Population

Charles Milchteim, Scott A. Tucker, Darin D. Nye, Richard J. Lamour, Wei Liu, James R. Andrews, Roger V. Ostrander

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose To report a large number of highly active patients who underwent arthroscopic Bankart repair at our institution over the last decade. Methods A retrospective analysis of patients who underwent primary and revision arthroscopic Bankart repairs using bioabsorbable anchors was performed. Outcome measures included recurrence of dislocation, American Shoulder and Elbow Scores (ASES), Rowe, visual analog scale (VAS), return to sports, and satisfaction scores. Results A total of 94 shoulders met the inclusion criteria. The recurrence rate was 6/94 (6.4%) at a mean follow-up of 5 years (range, 3 to 8.3). The mean postoperative scores were as follows: ASES = 91.5/100; Rowe = 84.3/100; VAS = 0.8/10; satisfaction = 8.8/10. In those who attempted to return to sports, 82.5% were able to return to the same level of competition. Statistical analyses revealed a significant increase in risk of recurrence among high school and recreational athletes. No recurrences were observed among professional or college-level athletes. No significant difference in recurrence rates was observed in regards to age, time to surgery, type of athlete (collision v limited contact), repair of SLAP lesion, number of anchors, or revision surgery. Conclusions Although several repair techniques exist for traumatic anterior shoulder instability, arthroscopic repair remains a viable option even in a highly active patient population. This study uniquely identified high school and recreational athletes at higher risk for recurrence. This is perhaps due to inferior shoulder development and technique as well as to limited access to postoperative physical therapy. Level of Evidence Level IV, therapeutic case series.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1263-1270
Number of pages8
JournalArthroscopy - Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery
Volume32
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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