Outcomes of an early childhood obesity prevention program in a low-income community: a pilot, randomized trial

M. M. Cloutier, J. F. Wiley, C. L. Kuo, T. Cornelius, Z. Wang, A. A. Gorin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Obesity is a major and worldwide health problem in children. Objectives: The Early Childhood Obesity Prevention Program is a multi-component, randomized, controlled trial of a pilot community-focused obesity prevention program for mother/newborn dyads. Methods: Underserved, mother/newborn dyads were recruited to receive a standard home visitation program (Nurturing Families Network, NFN) or an enhanced program (NFN+) that incorporated behavioural change strategies (e.g., goal-setting, problem-solving) and focused on six obesity-associated behaviours (breastfeeding, juice/sugar-sweetened beverages, solids, infant sleep, TV/screen time and soothability) with linkages to community resources. Weight-for-length (WFL) z-score and maternal diet were secondary outcomes. Results: Fifty-seven dyads were recruited and 47 fully eligible dyads were enrolled (NFN = 21, NFN+ = 26). Forty-one (87.2%) were assessed at 6 months and 34 (72.3%) at 12 months. Retention at 12 months was higher for NFN+ dyads (84.6% vs. 56.1%, p = 0.04). NFN+ mothers were more likely to continue breastfeeding at 6 and 12 months vs. NFN mothers (p = 0.03 and 0.003, respectively), and at 12 months, NFN+ infants had fewer nocturnal awakenings (p = 0.04). There were no differences in other primary outcome measures or in WFL z-score at 6 or 12 months. Conclusions: A multi-component behavioural intervention increased breastfeeding duration and decreased nocturnal awakenings in infants of low-income families.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)677-685
Number of pages9
JournalPediatric Obesity
Volume13
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Body mass index
  • breastfeeding
  • solids
  • sugar-sweetened beverages

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Health Policy
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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