Outcomes associated with the Intrepid Dynamic Exoskeletal Orthosis (IDEO): A systematic review of the literature

M. Jason Highsmith, Leif M. Nelson, Neil T. Carbone, Tyler D. Klenow, Jason T. Kahle, Owen T. Hill, Jason T. Maikos, Mike S. Kartel, Billie J. Randolph

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations


High-energy lower extremity trauma is a consequence of modern war and it is unclear if limb amputation or limb salvage enables greater recovery. To improve function in the injured extremity, a passive dynamic ankle-foot orthosis, the Intrepid Dynamic Exoskeletal Orthosis (IDEO), was introduced with specialized return to run (RTR) therapy program. Recent research suggests, these interventions may improve function and return to duty rates. This systematic literature review sought to rate available evidence and formulate empirical evidence statements (EESs), regarding outcomes associated with IDEO utilization. PubMed, CINAHL, and Google Scholar were systematically searched for pertinent articles. Articles were screened and rated. EESs were formulated based upon data and conclusions from included studies. Twelve studies were identified and rated. Subjects (n = 487, 6 females, mean age 29.4 year) were studied following limb trauma and salvage. All included studies had high external validity, whereas internal validity was mixed because of reporting issues. Moderate evidence supported development of four EESs regarding IDEO use with specialized therapy. Following high-energy lower extremity trauma and limb salvage, use of IDEO with RTR therapy can enable return to duty, return to recreation and physical activity, and decrease pain in some high-functioning patients. In higher functioning patients following limb salvage or trauma, IDEO use improved agility, power and speed, compared with no-brace or conventional bracing alternatives.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)69-76
Number of pages8
JournalMilitary medicine
StatePublished - Nov 2016
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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