Osteoblasts grown on microroughened titanium surfaces regulate angiogenic growth factor production through specific integrin receptors

Andrew L. Raines, Michael B. Berger, Zvi Schwartz, Barbara D. Boyan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Cellular attachment and response to biomaterials are mediated by integrin receptor binding to extracellular matrix proteins adsorbed onto the material surface. Osteoblasts interact with their substrates via several integrin complexes including fibronectin-binding α5β1 and collagen-binding α1β1 and α2β1. Knockdown of α2 or β1 integrin subunits inhibits the production of factors that promote an osteogenic microenvironment, including osteocalcin, osteoprotegerin, and TGFβ1. Osteoblasts also secrete several angiogenic growth factors such as VEGF-A (VEGF165), FGF-2, and angiopoietin 1, which are regulated by titanium surface topography and surface energy. Here, we examined whether signaling through integrin receptor complexes regulates production and secretion of angiogenic factors during osteoblast differentiation on microtextured Ti surfaces. To do this, integrin subunits α1, α2, α5, and β1 were stably silenced in MG63 osteoblast-like cells cultured on grit-blasted/acid-etched hydrophobic Ti (SLA) or on hydrophilic SLA (modSLA). VEGF-A production increased in response to Ti surface topography and energy in integrin α2, α5, and β1 silenced cells but decreased in α1-silenced cells. FGF-2 decreased on modSLA substrates in both α1 and α2-silenced cells but was unchanged in response to silencing of either α5 or β1. In integrin α1, α2, and β1-silenced cells, Ang-1 increased on modSLA but α5-silencing did not affect Ang-1 production during surface mediated differentiation. These results suggest that signaling through specific integrin receptor complexes during osteoblast differentiation on microstructured Ti substrates, regulates the production of angiogenic factors by those cells, and this is differentially regulated by surface hydrophilicity. Statement of Significance: Successful implantation of synthetic biomaterials into bone depends on the biological process known as osseointegration. Osseointegration is a highly regulated communication of cells that orchestrates the migration of progenitor cells towards the implant site and promotes the deposition and mineralization of extracellular matrix proteins within the implant microenvironment, to tightly join the implant to native bone. In this process, angiogenesis functions as the initiation site of progenitor cell migration and is necessary for matrix deposition by providing the necessary nutrients for bone formation. In the present study, we show a novel regulation of specific angiogenic growth factors by integrin receptor complexes. This research is important to develop biomaterials that promote and maintain osseointegration through proper vascularization and prevent implant failure in patients lacking sufficient angiogenesis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)578-586
Number of pages9
JournalActa Biomaterialia
StatePublished - Oct 1 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Angiogenesis
  • Differentiation
  • Integrins
  • Osteoblast
  • Osteocalcin (OCN)
  • Surface
  • Titanium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Biomaterials
  • Biochemistry
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Molecular Biology


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