Osteoblast response to titanium surfaces functionalized with extracellular matrix peptide biomimetics

B. F. Bell, M. Schuler, S. Tosatti, M. Textor, Z. Schwartz, B. D. Boyan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

52 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: Functionalizing surfaces with specific peptides may aid osteointegration of orthopedic implants by favoring attachment of osteoprogenitor cells and promoting osteoblastic differentiation. This study addressed the hypothesis that implant surfaces functionalized with peptides targeting multiple ligands will enhance osteoblast attachment and/or differentiation. To test this hypothesis, we used titanium (Ti) surfaces coated with poly-l-lysine-grafted polyethylene glycol (PLL-g-PEG) and functionalized with two peptides found in extracellular matrix proteins, arginine-glycine-aspartic acid (RGD) and lysine-arginine-serine-arginine (KRSR), which have been shown to increase osteoblast attachment. KSSR, which does not promote osteoblast attachment, was used as a control. Materials and methods: Sandblasted acid-etched titanium surfaces were coated with PLL-g-PEG functionalized with varying combinations of RGD and KRSR, as well as KSSR. Effects of these surfaces on osteoblasts were assessed by measuring cell number, alkaline phosphatase-specific activity, and levels of osteocalcin, transforming growth factor beta-1 (TGF-β1), and PGE 2. Results: RGD increased cell number, but decreased markers for osteoblast differentiation. KRSR alone had no effect on cell number, but decreased levels of TGF-β1 and PGE 2. KRSR and RGD/KRSR coatings inhibited osteoblast differentiation vs. PLL-g-PEG. KSSR decreased cell number and increased osteoblast differentiation, indicated by increased levels of osteocalcin and PGE 2. Conclusions: The RGD and KRSR functionalized surfaces supported attachment but did not enhance osteoblast differentiation, whereas KSSR increased differentiation. RGD decreased this effect, suggesting that multifunctional peptide surfaces can be designed that improve peri-implant healing by optimizing attachment and proliferation as well as differentiation of osteoblasts, but peptide combination, dose and presentation are critical variables.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)865-872
Number of pages8
JournalClinical oral implants research
Volume22
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2011

Keywords

  • KRSR
  • KSSR
  • Microstructure
  • Non-fouling
  • Osteoblast differentiation
  • PLL-g-PEG
  • RGD
  • Surface modification
  • Surface roughness
  • Titanium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oral Surgery

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