Oriental defense exercises as reciprocal inhibitors of anxiety

Louis Gershman, James M. Stedman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


In a case of claustrophobia and in another with fears of flying, Japanese defense activities of the Karate type proved to be effective counter-conditioners of anxiety. They were used in the former case in vivo and in the latter case both in imagination and in vivo.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)117-119
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jul 1971

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)


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