Background Patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) exhibit increased clearance of beta-lactams. The purpose of this study was to predict the probability of beta-lactam target attainment (PTA) against Pseudomonas aeruginosa in adult CF patients based on local microbiological data. Methods CF-specific pharmacokinetic parameters were obtained from published data for aztreonam, cefepime, ceftazidime, meropenem and piperacillin–tazobactam. Pharmacodynamic modeling was used to determine the PTA for bolus, prolonged infusion, and continuous infusion regimens. Results Prolonged infusion of meropenem 2 g every 8 h performed the best among all regimens tested, with a PTA of 83%. The PTA was increased with both prolonged and continuous infusion; however, no regimen reached the target PTA of > 90% against P. aeruginosa in CF patients at our institution. Conclusions Prolonged and continuous infusion provided higher PTA than bolus for all regimens. Further investigation of novel regimens in CF patients is needed.
- Prolonged infusion
- Pseudomonas aeruginosa
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine