Optimal strategy for obtaining routine chromosome analysis by using negative fractions of CD138 enriched plasma cells

Veronica Ortega, Gihan Mohamed, William Ehman, Meiqing Zhu, Christina Mendiola, Gopalrao V Velagaleti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) is superior to routine chromosome analysis (RCA) in detecting important prognostic genetic abnormalities in plasma cell dyscrasia (PCD); however, its sensitivity is hampered due to paucity of plasma cells (PC) in whole bone marrow (BM). Studies showed that the abnormality detection rate in enriched plasma cells (EPC) is greater than unselected plasma cells (UPC), but purification techniques are limiting to only FISH when sample volumes are inadequate. Not performing RCA may compromise patient care since RCA is equally important for detecting non-PC related abnormalities when the diagnosis is undefined. To resolve this critical issue, we designed a study where an immuno-magnetic CD138 enriched positive selection was used for FISH while the negative fraction (NF) was used to retrieve other myeloid elements for RCA. Parallel FISH studies were performed using UPC and CD138 EPC, while karyotyping was achieved using whole BM and discarded myeloid elements from the NF. Results showed that the abnormality rate of EPC was doubled compared to UPC for FISH, and CA displayed 100% success rate using the NF. PCD related chromosome abnormalities were confined to whole BM while non-PCD related abnormalities were found in both whole BM and NF. Our results demonstrate the feasibility of using the NF for RCA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)82-86
Number of pages5
JournalCancer genetics
Volume209
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2016

Keywords

  • CD138
  • Enriched plasma cells
  • Negative fraction
  • Plasma cell dyscrasia
  • Unselected plasma cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Genetics
  • Molecular Biology

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