Optimal Loading of Scraped HeLa Cells with Monoclonal Antibodies to the Proliferation-associated Mr 120,000 Nucleolar Antigen

James W. Freeman, Jeffrey E. Hazlewood, Patricia Auerbach, Harris Busch

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11 Scopus citations


Our laboratory has reported (J. W. Freeman et al., Cancer Res., 48: 1244-1251,1988) a proliferation-associated Mr 120,000 nucleolar antigen (p1 20), that was found in human tumors but was not detectable in most normal resting tissues and in benign tumors. To study further the function and the localization of this protein, we have investigated various methods of microinjecting p1 20 monoclonal antibodies into cells. For comparison, we have used a monoclonal antibody to protein C23, a nucleolar protein found in high levels in most cells. To determine optimal conditions for loading of antibodies to nucleolar antigens into mechanically disrupted HeLa cells, we studied the effects of ionic strengths of loading buffers, various antibody concentrations, and optimal time for loading and antibody localization. With ascites fluids in isotonic buffer containing antibodies to nucleolar proteins p1 20 and C23, a maximum number of cells, 86 and 84%, respectively, were loaded following a 20-min incubation. Hypotonic buffers decreased the percentage of cells loaded (22%); hypertonic buffers reduced cell viability. The optimal concentration of purified antibody yielding a maximum number of loaded cells (81%) was 2.5 mg/ml. Higher concentrations of antibody resulted in residual cytoplasmic staining without increasing the percentage of loaded cells. With antibody concentrations less than 2.5 mg/ml, a linear decrease was noted in the percentage of cells loaded with a decrease in intensity of fluorescence. Following antibody loading, nucleolar fluorescence was observed by 12 h and the intensity increased at 24 h. Localization of the pl20 antibody was followed through mitosis where it was perichromosomal and equally divided between the chromosomes at metaphase. A decrease of nucleolar immunofluorescence intensity and percentage of cells labeled were observed in successive cell generations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5246-5250
Number of pages5
JournalCancer Research
Issue number18
StatePublished - Sep 1988

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


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