The effect of acute and repeated desmethylimipramine (DMI) treatment on catecholamine-stimulated production of adenosine 3', 5'-monophosphate (cyclic AMP) in rat pineal gland was studied in vivo. In rats exposed to continuous illumination, the administration of isoproterenol (2μmol/kg) to control animals produced a marked increase in the concentration of cyclic AMP in pineal gland. In contrast, norepinephrine (2μmol/kg) failed to increase the levels of cyclic AMP. After acute treatment with DMI (single injection, 38μmol/kg, i. p.), the isoproterenol-induced rise in cyclic AMP was not significantly different from that measured in control animals. However, acute DMI treatment did allow a significant elevation in the concentration of cyclic AMP in pineal gland in response to norepinephrine. In rats given nine injections of DMI (38μmol/kg, i.p., twice daily) neither isoproterenol nor norepinephrine caused a significant increase in the concentration of cyclic AMP in pineal glands. Although acute treatment with DMI had no significant effect on [3H] dihydroalprenolol binding, chronic treatment with DMI significantly reduced [3H] dihydroalprenolol binding in the pineal gland. The results of this study suggest that while a single administration of DMI can enhance adrenergic responses elicited by norepinephrine, chronic administration of DMI leads to compensatory decreases in receptor density and adrenergic responsiveness.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)