Operative Fixation Options for Elective and Diabetic Ankle Arthrodesis

Crystal L. Ramanujam, John J. Stapleton, Thomas Zgonis

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Ankle arthrodesis remains one of the most definitive treatment options for end-stage arthritis, paralysis, posttraumatic and postinfectious conditions, failed total ankle arthroplasty, and severe deformities. The general aims of ankle arthrodesis are to decrease pain and instability, correct the accompanying deformity, and create a stable plantigrade foot. Several surgical approaches have been reported for ankle arthrodesis with internal fixation options. External fixation has also evolved for ankle arthrodesis in certain clinical scenarios. This article provides a comprehensive analysis of midterm to long-term outcomes for ankle arthrodesis using internal and/or external fixation each for elective and diabetic conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)347-355
Number of pages9
JournalClinics in podiatric medicine and surgery
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 2017


  • Ankle arthrodesis
  • Diabetic Charcot neuroarthropathy
  • External fixation
  • Internal fixation
  • Surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


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