Onset of efficacy of tolterodine extended release in patients with overactive bladder

David O. Sussman, Stephen R. Kraus, Martin Carlsson, Zhonghong Guan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


Objective: To assess the onset of efficacy of tolterodine extended release (ER) in patients with overactive bladder (OAB). Research design and methods: A post hoc analysis was conducted using 3-day bladder diary data from a 12-week, multicenter, prospective, open-label study of tolterodine ER (4 mg qd) in patients (aged ≥ 18 years) with urinary frequency (≥ 8 micturitions/24 h) and urgency (strong and sudden desire to urinate) with or without urgency urinary incontinence (UUI). Main outcome measures: Changes in micturition frequency, urgency, and UUI episodes/24 h were evaluated for treatment Days 5, 6, and 7. The percentages of patients who achieved normal micturition frequency (< 8/day) and 50%, 70%, 90%, and 100% reductions in urgency and UUI episodes (i.e., responders) were determined at Days 5, 6, and 7. Week 12 data are presented as a referent for the magnitude of treatment efficacy during Week 1. Results: This analysis included 698 patients. On Day 5, there were significant reductions in all three diary variables (all p < 0.0001), and improvements continued on Days 6 and 7. More than half of the patients reported ≥ 50% reductions in urgency or UUI episodes on Day 5. Responder rates for all three symptoms increased through Week 12. Conclusions: Patients with OAB experienced significant reductions in OAB symptoms as early as Day 5 of treatment with tolterodine ER. These data extend the findings of a previous analysis, in which all 3 days of the bladder diary were pooled, that demonstrated improvements in micturition frequency, urgency episodes, and UUI episodes in patients with OAB after 1 week of treatment with tolterodine ER. Limitations are that efficacy was not assessed before Day 5, this was a post hoc analysis, and the study was not placebo-controlled.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)777-781
Number of pages5
JournalCurrent Medical Research and Opinion
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2007


  • Bladder
  • Tolterodine
  • Urinary incontinence
  • Urinary tract

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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