Background: There is not general agreement concerning the optimal time of reperfusion necessary to assess myocardial function and necrosis on isolated perfused heart model. Nevertheless, the study of cardioprotection (especially, pre- and postconditioning) requires a reliable and standardized assessment of myocardial necrosis. Objective: The objective of this study was thus to evaluate whether 1 h of reperfusion was sufficient to assess rat heart viability on Langendorff preparation. Isolated rat hearts (n=30) underwent 40 min of global normothermic ischemia followed by 60 or 120 min Langendorff reperfusion. In each group, hearts were also randomly assigned into the 2 following sub-groups: postconditioning (PostC, consisting in 2 episodes of 30 s ischemia and 30 s reperfusion at the onset of reperfusion), and control (no intervention). Coronary flow, heart rate, dP/dt and rate-pressure-product were measured. Myocardial necrosis was assessed by TTC staining and LDH, CK release analysis. Results: Our results indicated that heart function tended to slightly decrease between 60 min and 120 min reperfusion. Infarct size was identical at 60 min and 120 min reperfusion, averaging 33-34% of total LV area in controls versus 17% in PostC (p<0.001 between control and PostC groups). Similarly, the maximum of enzymatic releases (CK and LDH) measured in coronary effluents was at 60 min of reperfusion, followed by a progressive decrease at 90 min and 120 min. As expected, postconditioning limited enzymatic releases whatever the studied time of reperfusion. Conclusion: In conclusion, we showed that prolonged reperfusion beyond 60 min was not useful for function assessment and did not change infarct size measurement, on Langendorff rat model of ischemia-reperfusion.
- Infarct size
- Langendorff preparation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Pharmacology (medical)