Oncornavirus like particles from cultured bone marrow cells preceding leukemia and malignant histiocytosis

G. J. Vosika, W. Krivit, J. M. Gerrard, P. F. Coccia, M. E. Nesbit, J. J. Coalson, B. J. Kennedy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Particles with the density and enzymatic activity characteristic of known oncornavirus have been previously described in bone marrow cells from patients with leukemia in relapse and in remission. The authors have confirmed these findings and studied 2 patients in whom preleukemia was among the diagnostic considerations. Following cultivation of bone marrow from these patients for 1 wk in conditioned media with dexamethasone, a high speed pellet of the supernatant fluid and disrupted cells was prepared and analyzed on a sucrose gradient for enzymatic activity characteristic of RNA-directed DNA polymerase (reverse transcriptase). Peaks of endogenous DNA polymerase activity showing ribonuclease sensitivity and/or stimulation with the synthetic template poly(rC)x(dG)(12-18) were demonstrated in both patients at densities of 1.15 to 1.19 and 1.21 to 1.24 g/ml. Subsequently, diagnosis 2 and 4 mth after initial evaluation revealed acute myelogenous leukemia and malignant histiocytosis, respectively. Prior studies have suggested a possible etiological significance of such particles in human leukemia. The demonstration of similar particles preceding clinically overt disease in these patients supports this hypothesis and offers the possibility of early diagnosis and treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2804-2808
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume72
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 1975
Externally publishedYes

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Histiocytic Sarcoma
Retroviridae
Bone Marrow Cells
Cultured Cells
Leukemia
RNA-Directed DNA Polymerase
Preleukemia
DNA-Directed DNA Polymerase
Ribonucleases
Conditioned Culture Medium
Acute Myeloid Leukemia
Dexamethasone
Sucrose
Early Diagnosis
Bone Marrow
Recurrence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • General

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Oncornavirus like particles from cultured bone marrow cells preceding leukemia and malignant histiocytosis. / Vosika, G. J.; Krivit, W.; Gerrard, J. M.; Coccia, P. F.; Nesbit, M. E.; Coalson, J. J.; Kennedy, B. J.

In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Vol. 72, No. 7, 1975, p. 2804-2808.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Vosika, G. J. ; Krivit, W. ; Gerrard, J. M. ; Coccia, P. F. ; Nesbit, M. E. ; Coalson, J. J. ; Kennedy, B. J. / Oncornavirus like particles from cultured bone marrow cells preceding leukemia and malignant histiocytosis. In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 1975 ; Vol. 72, No. 7. pp. 2804-2808.
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AU - Gerrard, J. M.

AU - Coccia, P. F.

AU - Nesbit, M. E.

AU - Coalson, J. J.

AU - Kennedy, B. J.

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N2 - Particles with the density and enzymatic activity characteristic of known oncornavirus have been previously described in bone marrow cells from patients with leukemia in relapse and in remission. The authors have confirmed these findings and studied 2 patients in whom preleukemia was among the diagnostic considerations. Following cultivation of bone marrow from these patients for 1 wk in conditioned media with dexamethasone, a high speed pellet of the supernatant fluid and disrupted cells was prepared and analyzed on a sucrose gradient for enzymatic activity characteristic of RNA-directed DNA polymerase (reverse transcriptase). Peaks of endogenous DNA polymerase activity showing ribonuclease sensitivity and/or stimulation with the synthetic template poly(rC)x(dG)(12-18) were demonstrated in both patients at densities of 1.15 to 1.19 and 1.21 to 1.24 g/ml. Subsequently, diagnosis 2 and 4 mth after initial evaluation revealed acute myelogenous leukemia and malignant histiocytosis, respectively. Prior studies have suggested a possible etiological significance of such particles in human leukemia. The demonstration of similar particles preceding clinically overt disease in these patients supports this hypothesis and offers the possibility of early diagnosis and treatment.

AB - Particles with the density and enzymatic activity characteristic of known oncornavirus have been previously described in bone marrow cells from patients with leukemia in relapse and in remission. The authors have confirmed these findings and studied 2 patients in whom preleukemia was among the diagnostic considerations. Following cultivation of bone marrow from these patients for 1 wk in conditioned media with dexamethasone, a high speed pellet of the supernatant fluid and disrupted cells was prepared and analyzed on a sucrose gradient for enzymatic activity characteristic of RNA-directed DNA polymerase (reverse transcriptase). Peaks of endogenous DNA polymerase activity showing ribonuclease sensitivity and/or stimulation with the synthetic template poly(rC)x(dG)(12-18) were demonstrated in both patients at densities of 1.15 to 1.19 and 1.21 to 1.24 g/ml. Subsequently, diagnosis 2 and 4 mth after initial evaluation revealed acute myelogenous leukemia and malignant histiocytosis, respectively. Prior studies have suggested a possible etiological significance of such particles in human leukemia. The demonstration of similar particles preceding clinically overt disease in these patients supports this hypothesis and offers the possibility of early diagnosis and treatment.

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