Ombitasvir/paritaprevir/ritonavir + dasabuvir +/- ribavirin in real world hepatitis C patients

Nicole Loo, Eric Lawitz, Naim Alkhouri, Jennifer Wells, Carmen Landaverde, Angie Coste, Rossalynn Salcido, Michael Scott, Fred Poordad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

BACKGROUND The hepatitis C virus (HCV) NS5A inhibitor ABT-267 (ombitasvir, OBV), the HCV NS4/4A protease inhibitor ABT-450 (paritaprevir, PTV), the CYP3A inhibitor ritonavir (r) and the non-nucleoside NS5B polymerase inhibitor ABT- 333 (dasabuvir, DSV) (OBV/PTV/r + DSV) with or without ribavirin (RBV) is a direct-acting antiviral regimen approved in the United States and other major countries for the treatment of HCV in genotype 1 (GT1) infected patients. Patients with HCV who are considered "hard-to-cure" have generally been excluded from registration trials due to rigorous study inclusion criteria, presence of comorbidities and previous treatment failures. AIM To investigate the efficacy of this regimen in HCV G1-infected patients historically excluded from clinical trials. METHODS Patients were = 18 years old and chronically infected with HCV GT1 (GT1a, GT1b or GT1a/1b). Patients were treatment-naïve or previously failed a regimen including pegylated interferon/RBV +/- telaprevir, boceprevir, or simeprevir. One hundred patients were treated with the study drug regimen, which was administered for 12 or 24 wk +/- RBV according to GT1 subtype and presence/absence of cirrhosis. Patients were evaluated every 4 wk from treatment day 1 and at 4 and 12 wk after end-of-treatment.RESULTS Many of the patients studied had comorbidities (44.2% hypertensive, 33.7% obese, 20.2% cirrhotic) and 16% previously failed HCV treatment. Ninety-six patients completed study follow-up and 99% achieved 12-wk sustained virologic response. The majority (88.4%) of patients had undetectable HCV RNA by week 4. The most common adverse events were fatigue (12%), headache (10%), insomnia (9%) and diarrhea (8%); none led to treatment discontinuation. Physical and mental patient reported outcomes scores significantly improved after treatment. Almost all (98%) patients were treatment compliant. CONCLUSION In an all-comers HCV GT1 population, 12 or 24-wk of OBV/PTV/r + DSV +/- RBV is highly effective and tolerable and results in better mental and physical health following treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2229-2239
Number of pages11
JournalWorld Journal of Gastroenterology
Volume25
Issue number18
DOIs
StatePublished - 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Dasabuvir
  • Genotype 1
  • Hepatitis C
  • Ombitasvir
  • Paritaprevir
  • Ritonavir

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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