Occurrence of preantral intra-ovarian oocyte release in the rat and the Syrian hamster (Mesocricetus auratus)

Katharina Spanel-Borowski, Mary K. Vaughan, Linda Y. Johnson, Russel J. Reiter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Serial sections of 62 rat ovaries and 66 ovaries from Syrian hamsters (Mesocricetus auratus) have been examined by light microscopy. The relative and absolute percentage of preantral intra-ovarian oocyte release (PIOR) was recorded. PIOR was incomplete when the rupture of the basal membrane was not followed by the release of the oocyte from its preantral follicle into the ovarian stroma; conversely, a PIOR was regarded to the complete if the oocyte was released from the preantral follicle into the adjacent stroma. PIOR occurred in 23% of rat ovaries and in 32% of hamster ovaries; meiosis was not resumed. In rat ovaries the frequency of complete PIOR was 71%; the oocyte disappeared quickly after its release and herniated granulosa cells could invade capillaries. By contrast, incomplete PIOR was prevalent in hamster ovaries (67%); oocytes survived in the interstitial cortical tissue after the disappearance of their granulosa and theca cells ("free oocytes"). It is concluded that PIOR reflects the onset of follicular atresia and that different local factors are probably responsible for species differences.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)169-175
Number of pages7
JournalAnatomy and Embryology
Volume165
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 1982

Keywords

  • Follicles
  • Oocyte
  • Ovary
  • Rat
  • Syrian Hamster

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anatomy
  • Embryology
  • Developmental Biology
  • Cell Biology

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