Purpose: To examine the feasibility of transvenous placement of a new memory-shaped, small, retrievable coil that has a smaller-caliber delivery system than currently available devices, for closure of the patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). Methods: Through 4 or 5 Fr vascular sheaths and 4 or 5 Fr end-hold catheters, the coils were delivered and placed in piglets (n = 10) with PDA. The coils were made from 0.018'' (0.46 mm) or 0.028'' (0.71 mm) stainless steel guidewire. Mounted for delivery, the new device has the appearance of a conventional guidewire. This neonatal PDA model was created without major surgery or drugs by stenting the ductus arteriosus. Results: The memory-shaped coils were easily delivered. Coils not optimally placed were retrieved and repositioned. Occlusion of the ductus arteriosus as early as a half-hour after delivery was shown angiographically and confirmed by histopathology. Conclusion: This new, small-caliber, simple device was found to be effective for closure of the PDA in this animal model. Longer-term observations are needed.
- Catheter occlusion
- Memory-shaped coils
- Newborn piglets
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine