Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy and Imaging in the Study of Experimental Liver Diseases

A. V. Ratner, E. A. Carter, G. M. Pohost, J. R. Wands

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


We are investigating potential noninvasive new strategies for the assessment of liver injury, steatosis, and hepatic tumor development These techniques employ nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) imaging and spectroscopy. Accordingly, several experimental animal models of liver injury and steatosis produced in rats by ethanol, azaserine, L‐ethionine, carbon tetrachloride, and D‐galactosamine. Ethanol and L‐ethionine induce acute steatosis without necrosis, whereas azaserine, carbon tetrachloride, and D‐galactosamine are known to produce steatosis with varying degrees of hepatic necrosis. Triglyceride content and protein spin relaxation times were measured. T, values were analyzed by using an inversion recovery technique at eight different r values (20 msec to 2.50 sec) and T, by Carr‐Purce)l‐Meibloom‐Gill pulse sequences with 10 spin echoes (4–40 msec). We also performed NMR imaging studies on controls and ethanol‐induced steatosis using a 60‐MHz Technicare 8‐cm bore superconducting system. Results of these experiments indicate that varying degrees of steatosis produce striking changes in T2 without inducing changes in T2 whereas necrosis superimposed on steatosis produces T, changes as well. Thus, these NMR spectroscopy and imaging studies demonstrated that steatosis may be clearly defined in vitro and in vivo.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)241-245
Number of pages5
JournalAlcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 1986
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Toxicology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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