NR4A2 promotes DNA double-strand break repair upon exposure to UVR

Kelvin Yin, Yash Chhabra, Romain Tropee, Yi Chieh Lim, Mitchell Fane, Eloise Dray, Richard A. Sturm, Aaron G. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Exposure of melanocytes to ultraviolet radiation (UVR) induces the formation of UV lesions that can produce deleterious effects in genomic DNA. Encounters of replication forks with unrepaired UV lesions can lead to several complex phenomena, such as the formation of DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs). The NR4A family of nuclear receptors are transcription factors that have been associated with mediating DNA repair functions downstream of the MC1R signaling pathway in melanocytes. In particular, emerging evidence shows that upon DNA damage, the NR4A2 receptor can translocate to sites of UV lesion by mechanisms requiring post-translational modifications within the N-terminal domain and at a serine residue in the DNA-binding domain at position 337. Following this, NR4A2 AIDS in DNA repair by facilitating chromatin relaxation, allowing accessibility for DNA repair machinery. Using A2058 and HT144 melanoma cells engineered to stably express wild-type or mutant forms of the NR4A2 proteins, we reveal that the expression of functional NR4A2 is associated with elevated cytoprotection against UVR. Conversely, knockdown of NR4A2 expression by siRNA results in a significant loss of cell viability after UV insult. By analyzing the kinetics of the ensuing 53BP1 and RAD51 foci following UV irradiation, we also reveal that the expression of mutant NR4A2 isoforms, lacking the ability to translocate, transactivate, or undergo phosphorylation, display compromised repair capacity. Implications: These data expand the understanding of the mechanism by which the NR4A2 nuclear receptor can facilitate DNA DSB repair.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1184-1196
Number of pages13
JournalMolecular Cancer Research
Volume15
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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