Novel sulfated octa- and decasaccharides from squid cartilage chondroitin sulfate E: Sequencing and application for determination of the epitope structure of the monoclonal antibody MO-225

Sarama Sathyaseelan Deepa, Kittiwan Kalayanamitra, Yumi Ito, Prachya Kongtawelert, Shigeyuki Fukui, Shuhei Yamada, Tadahisa Mikami, Kazuyuki Sugahara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

A mixture of octa- and decasaccharides obtained by the digestion with the hyaluronidase of chondroitin sulfate E derived from squid cartilage was subfractionated into 20 and 23 different components, respectively, by anion-exchange HPLC. MALDI-TOF/MS was used to assign the sugar and sulfate composition of the putative octa- and decasaccharides, and a disaccharide composition analysis revealed the building blocks to be A- [GlcUAβ1- 3GalNAc(4S)], C-[GlcUAβ1 -3GalNAc(6S)], and E-[GlcUAβ1-3GalNAc(4S,6S)] units, where 4S and 6S represent 4-O- and 6-O-sulfate, respectively. The sequences of these octa- and decasaccharides were determined at low picomole amounts by a combination of enzymatic digestions with chondroitinases in conjunction with anion-exchange HPLC. Sequencing revealed that each fraction is a mixture of a major component together with one to three minor components, reflecting the heterogeneity of the parent polysaccharide. Among the 11 different octasaccharide sequences reported here, 8 are novel, while all of the 6 decasaccharide sequences are novel, and this is the first report of the sequencing of CS oligosaccharides longer than octasaccharides. The reactivity of the monoclonal antibody MO-225 with octa- and decasaccharides tested with an oligosaccharide microarray revealed that a CS-E decasaccharide is the minimal requirement for antibody recognition. Among the 6 decasaccharides, only E-E-E-E-C was recognized by MO-225, suggesting the requirement of a C-unit at the reducing end and also the importance of chain length, which in turn may indicate the importance of the conformation acquired by this specific sequence for antibody recognition.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2453-2465
Number of pages13
JournalBiochemistry
Volume46
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 6 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

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