Two hundred thirty-seven independent somatic cell hybrids have been obtained between opossum (Monodelphis domestica) splenocytes, bone marrow cells, or primary fibroblasts, and HPRT-deficient or TK-deficient Chinese hamster, mouse, American mink, or common vole fibroblast lines. Because extreme segregation and fragmentation of marsupial chromosomes commonly occurs in eutherian × marsupial somatic cell hybrids, we developed a rapid primary screening method that enables the identification of primary clones containing a large amount of opossum DNA 20–25 d after fusion. This method, which depends on in situ hybridization of biotin-labeled total opossum DNA on interphase nuclei of hybrid cells fixed on the bottom of microwell plates, was used to screen the 237 hybrid clones; 52 of them had a substantial amount of opossum DNA. G-banding and in situ hybridization of biotin labeled total opossum DNA on metaphase spreads of the clones enabled identification of 17 hybrid clones containing from two to seven intact chromosomes of M. domestica on the background of Chinese hamster or vole chromosomes. The hybrid clones with intact opossum chromosomes are used in a panel constructed for mapping the opossum genome. Initial mapping results from these clones have led to the tentative assignment of GPI and GOT1 to chromosome 1; 6PGD to chromosome 4; LDHA to chromosome 5; LDHB to chromosome 8; and PGK and G6PD to the X chromosome. On the basis of indirect evidence we also tentatively assigned HPRT to the X chromosome and TK to chromosome 5 of M. domestica. These are the first tentative chromosomal assignments by any technique for this species.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology