Novel p21 phosphorylation was found in cells expressing high levels of this product of c-H- and c-K-ras genes. Phorbol 12,13-dibutyrate, a protein kinase C (PKC) activator, and permeable c-AMP derivatives, which activate protein kinase A (PKA), stimulated phosphorylation of K-ras(4B) p21 in 416B cells 3 to 5 fold. By tryptic peptide mapping, it was found that both PKC and PKA phosphorylated in vitro the K-ras p21 at the same site as was found in p21 from cells labeled with [32P]orthophosphate in vivo. A common site of H-ras p21 was also phosphorylated by both PKC and PKA, although phosphopeptides of H-ras p21 were distinct from those of K-ras p21. The construction of a mutant by site-directed mutagenesis allowed the identification of serine-177 as the phosphorylation site of H-ras p21. This novel phosphorylation site lies in the hypervariable region, which links the globular catalytic domain of p21 to the membrane-anchoring site at the C-terminus, a location suggesting that this phosphorylation plays a role in modulating transmembrane signaling.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|State||Published - Dec 1 1988|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research