Novel Penicillium species causing disseminated disease in a Labrador Retriever dog

Tatiana Rothacker, Jared A. Jaffey, Erin R. Rogers, William H. Fales, Connie F.C. Gibas, Nathan P. Wiederhold, Carmita Sanders, James Mele, Hongxin Fan, Leah A. Cohn, Angela Royal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


This report describes the phenotypic characteristics of a novel Penicillium species, Penicillium labradorum, isolated from a 3-year-old male, castrated, Labrador retriever with disseminated fungal disease. The dog's presenting clinical signs included lethargy, lymphadenopathy, tachypnea, moderate pitting edema, and nonweight bearing lameness associated with the right hind limb. Fine-needle aspirate biopsies from the sublumbar and prescapular lymph nodes were initially examined. The cytologic findings were consistent with pyogranulomatous inflammation with abundant extracellular and phagocytized fungal fragments and hyphae. Based on the morphology of the organisms and lack of endogenous pigment, hyalohyphomycosis was considered most likely, with Fusarium, Penicillium, and Paecilomyces species being considerations. Fungal isolates were obtained via culture of samples from the lymph nodes, and molecular identification testing originally identified an undescribed Penicillium species belonging to the Penicillium section Exilicaulis. BLAST searches and phylogenetic analyses performed approximately 1 year and 9 months after the isolation date revealed an isolate within the Penicillium parvum clade in the Penicillium section Exilicaulis but phylogenetically distant from the other species in the section, thus representing a new species, Penicillium labradorum. Antifungal susceptibility testing was also performed on the isolate and low minimum inhibitory concentrations were observed with terbinafine, voriconazole, and posaconazole, while in vitro resistance was observed with fluconazole. The dog had been previously treated with fluconazole, itraconazole, amphotericin B lipid complex, voriconazole, and terbinafine. Approximately 587 days after the initial diagnosis, the dog was euthanized due to worsening of clinical signs and concerns for quality of life.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1053-1063
Number of pages11
JournalMedical mycology
Issue number8
StatePublished - Nov 1 2020


  • Penicillium, dog
  • fungi
  • lymphadenopathy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases


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