Novel Paranannizziopsis species in a Wagler's viper (Tropidolaemus wagleri), tentacled snakes (Erpeton tentaculatum), and a rhinoceros snake (Rhynchophis boulengeri) in a zoological collection

Kimberly L. Rainwater, Nathan Wiederhold, Deanna A. Sutton, Michael M. Garner, Cheryl Maguire, Carmita Sanders, Connie Gibas, José F. Cano, Josep Guarro, Alberto M. Stchigel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations


We report several cases of fungal infections in snakes associated with a new species within the genus Paranannizziopsis. Three juvenile Wagler's vipers (Tropidolaemus wagleri) presented with skin abnormalities or ulcerative dermatitis, and two snakes died. Histologic examination of skin from the living viper revealed hyperplastic, hyperkeratotic, and crusting epidermitis with intralesional fungal elements. The terrestrial Wagler's vipers were housed in a room with fully aquatic tentacled snakes (Erpeton tentaculatum), among which there had been a history of intermittent skin lesions. Approximately 2 months after the biopsy of the viper, a skin sample was collected from one tentacled snake (TS1) with skin abnormalities and revealed a fungal infection with a similar histologic appearance. Fungal isolates were obtained via culture from the Wagler's viper and TS1 and revealed a novel species, Paranannizziopsis tardicrescens, based on phenotypic characterization and molecular analysis. P. tardicrescens was cultured and identified by DNA sequence analysis 8 months later from a dead tentacled snake in an exhibit in an adjacent hallway and 13 months later from a living rhinoceros snake (Rhynchophis boulengeri) with two focal skin lesions. Antifungal susceptibility testing on three of four cultured isolates demonstrated potent in vitro activity for terbinafine and voriconazole.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)825-832
Number of pages8
JournalMedical mycology
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2019



  • Paranannizziopsis
  • Paranannizziopsis tardicrescens
  • fungi
  • snakes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases

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