Novel clinical features of glycine receptor antibody syndrome: A series of 17 cases

Amanda L. Piquet, Murtaza Khan, Judith E.A. Warner, Matthew P. Wicklund, Jeffrey L. Bennett, Maureen A. Leehey, Lauren Seeberger, Teri L. Schreiner, M. Mateo Paz Soldan, Stacey L. Clardy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations

Abstract

ObjectiveTo describe novel clinical features of GlyRα1-IgG-positive patients.MethodsPatients with a positive serum GlyRα1-IgG were identified during a 2-year period from July 2016 to December 2018 at 2 academic centers and followed prospectively. All patients in this series were evaluated in the Neuroimmunology and Autoimmune Neurology clinics at the University of Utah or the University of Colorado.ResultsThirteen of 17 patients had phenotypes more typically associated with glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD65) antibody syndromes, consisting of stiff-person syndrome (SPS) with parkinsonism or cerebellar signs. One patient with parkinsonism had a presentation similar to rapidly progressive multiple system atrophy with severe dysautonomia. Ten of 17 patients had various visual symptoms including visual snow, spider web-like images forming shapes and 3-dimensional images, palinopsia, photophobia, visual hallucinations, synesthesia, and intermittent diplopia. Three of 17 patients presented with primarily autoimmune epilepsy accompanied by psychiatric symptoms.ConclusionsClinicians should consider testing for GlyR antibodies in GAD65 antibody-negative or low-positive GAD65 antibody patients with SPS-like presentations, especially in the setting of atypical features such as visual disturbances, parkinsonism, or epilepsy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalNeurology: Neuroimmunology and NeuroInflammation
Volume6
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2019
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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