Novel advances in shotgun lipidomics for biology and medicine

Miao Wang, Chunyan Wang, Rowland H. Han, Xianlin Han

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

109 Scopus citations

Abstract

The field of lipidomics, as coined in 2003, has made profound advances and been rapidly expanded. The mass spectrometry-based strategies of this analytical methodology-oriented research discipline for lipid analysis are largely fallen into three categories: direct infusion-based shotgun lipidomics, liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry-based platforms, and matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry-based approaches (particularly in imagining lipid distribution in tissues or cells). This review focuses on shotgun lipidomics. After briefly introducing its fundamentals, the major materials of this article cover its recent advances. These include the novel methods of lipid extraction, novel shotgun lipidomics strategies for identification and quantification of previously hardly accessible lipid classes and molecular species including isomers, and novel tools for processing and interpretation of lipidomics data. Representative applications of advanced shotgun lipidomics for biological and biomedical research are also presented in this review. We believe that with these novel advances in shotgun lipidomics, this approach for lipid analysis should become more comprehensive and high throughput, thereby greatly accelerating the lipidomics field to substantiate the aberrant lipid metabolism, signaling, trafficking, and homeostasis under pathological conditions and their underpinning biochemical mechanisms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)83-108
Number of pages26
JournalProgress in Lipid Research
Volume61
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2016

Keywords

  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Bioactive lipids
  • Lipidomics
  • Mass spectrometry
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • Shotgun lipidomics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

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