Novel adenine adducts, N7-guanine-AFB1 adducts, and p53 mutations in patients with schistosomiasis and aflatoxin exposure

Samy L. Habib, Boctor Said, Ahmed T. Awad, Mostafa H. Mostafa, Ronald C. Shank

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: The most frequent mutation in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in populations exposed to a high dietary intake of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) is a mutation in codon 249 of the p53 gene. Schistosomiasis is known to cause p53 mutation. We hypothesized that the combination of schistosomiasis and aflatoxin B1 increases the incidence of p53 gene mutation. Methods: Liver tissue from 21 patients with schistosomiasis and 5 patients without schistosomiasis were analyzed for occurrence of mutations of the p53 gene and levels of N7-guanine-AFB1 adducts. Results: The presence of mutations in codon 249 of p53 gene was higher in patients infected with Schistosoma haematobium (S. haematobium) than in those infected with Schistosoma mansoni (S. mansoni) or a combination of both strains (p < 0.01), compared to control subjects. No mutations were detected in p53 gene in liver DNA from schistosomiasis-free patients. Significant amounts of N7-guanine-AFB1 adducts and novel adenine-adducts (p < 0.01) were detected in patients with schistosomiasis, mostly in patients infected with S. haematobium or a combination of both strains, compared to control subjects. Conclusion: These data suggest that schistosomiasis and exposure to aflatoxin B1 act synergistically to increase the incidence of p53 gene mutation. The increase in p53 mutations may enhance progression of HCC at an early age in patients with schistosomiasis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)491-498
Number of pages8
JournalCancer detection and prevention
Volume30
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2006
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Aflatoxin B
  • Cytochrome P-450
  • N-guanine-AFBadducts
  • Novel adenine-adducts
  • P53 mutation
  • PCR
  • S. hematobium
  • S. mansoni
  • Schistosomiasis
  • Synergism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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