Nonadherence in Childhood Disorders: Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

2 Scopus citations


Despite effective treatments for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder to significantly ameliorate symptoms and improve quality of life for patients and families, treatment adherence and continuity are frequently inadequate to yield satisfactory outcomes. This chapter describes attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, its course, and features of its optimal treatment; reviews data on pharmacotherapy adherence; and discusses factors influencing treatment adherence, including those pertaining to the medication regimen, service delivery, patient characteristics, family factors, and developmental issues. Adherence improves when diagnostic evaluations are thorough rather than perfunctory, and with simpler medication regimens, prompt follow-up to adjust treatment and address adverse effects, and ongoing encouragement of communication and concerns by parents and patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationPsychiatric Nonadherence
Subtitle of host publicationA Solutions-Based Approach
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Number of pages14
ISBN (Electronic)9783030126650
ISBN (Print)9783030126643
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019


  • Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder
  • Child and adolescent mental health
  • Pediatrics
  • Stimulant medications; atomoxetine; clonidine; guanfacine
  • Treatment adherence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine
  • General Psychology


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