Non-suppressibility by room light of pineal n-acetyltransferase activity and melatonin levels in two diurnally active rodents, the mexican ground squirrel (sperfiophilus rexicamis) and the eastern chipmunk (tarias striatus)

Russel J Reiter, Jon F. Peters

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14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The rhythms in pineal N-acetyltransferase (NAT) activity and melatonin levels were studied in the diurnally active Mexican ground squirrel and Eastern chipmunk. In the ground squirrel, both NAT activity and melatonin levels exhibited a marked nocturnal rise; these increases were not prevented by the exposure of these animals to a light irradiance of 200 μW/cm2 throughout the night. In the Eastern chipmunk, darkness at night was also associated with a marked rise in both the activity of the acetylating enzyme as well as the levels of melatonin. Again, these rhythms were not suppressed by the exposure of these animals to a light irradiance of 200 μW/cm2 for either 1 night or for 7 nights; exposure of chipmunks to light for 7 consecutive days did, however, reduce the rise in melatonin normally associated with darkness. The non-suppressibility of pineal NAT and melatonin by a 200 μW/cm2 light irradiance may relate either to the activity pattern of these animals, i.e., diurnal, or to their previous lighting history.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)113-121
Number of pages9
JournalEndocrine Research
Volume10
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1984

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Sciuridae
Acetyltransferases
Melatonin
Rodentia
Light
Darkness
Lighting
History
Enzymes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology

Cite this

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title = "Non-suppressibility by room light of pineal n-acetyltransferase activity and melatonin levels in two diurnally active rodents, the mexican ground squirrel (sperfiophilus rexicamis) and the eastern chipmunk (tarias striatus)",
abstract = "The rhythms in pineal N-acetyltransferase (NAT) activity and melatonin levels were studied in the diurnally active Mexican ground squirrel and Eastern chipmunk. In the ground squirrel, both NAT activity and melatonin levels exhibited a marked nocturnal rise; these increases were not prevented by the exposure of these animals to a light irradiance of 200 μW/cm2 throughout the night. In the Eastern chipmunk, darkness at night was also associated with a marked rise in both the activity of the acetylating enzyme as well as the levels of melatonin. Again, these rhythms were not suppressed by the exposure of these animals to a light irradiance of 200 μW/cm2 for either 1 night or for 7 nights; exposure of chipmunks to light for 7 consecutive days did, however, reduce the rise in melatonin normally associated with darkness. The non-suppressibility of pineal NAT and melatonin by a 200 μW/cm2 light irradiance may relate either to the activity pattern of these animals, i.e., diurnal, or to their previous lighting history.",
author = "Reiter, {Russel J} and Peters, {Jon F.}",
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T1 - Non-suppressibility by room light of pineal n-acetyltransferase activity and melatonin levels in two diurnally active rodents, the mexican ground squirrel (sperfiophilus rexicamis) and the eastern chipmunk (tarias striatus)

AU - Reiter, Russel J

AU - Peters, Jon F.

PY - 1984

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N2 - The rhythms in pineal N-acetyltransferase (NAT) activity and melatonin levels were studied in the diurnally active Mexican ground squirrel and Eastern chipmunk. In the ground squirrel, both NAT activity and melatonin levels exhibited a marked nocturnal rise; these increases were not prevented by the exposure of these animals to a light irradiance of 200 μW/cm2 throughout the night. In the Eastern chipmunk, darkness at night was also associated with a marked rise in both the activity of the acetylating enzyme as well as the levels of melatonin. Again, these rhythms were not suppressed by the exposure of these animals to a light irradiance of 200 μW/cm2 for either 1 night or for 7 nights; exposure of chipmunks to light for 7 consecutive days did, however, reduce the rise in melatonin normally associated with darkness. The non-suppressibility of pineal NAT and melatonin by a 200 μW/cm2 light irradiance may relate either to the activity pattern of these animals, i.e., diurnal, or to their previous lighting history.

AB - The rhythms in pineal N-acetyltransferase (NAT) activity and melatonin levels were studied in the diurnally active Mexican ground squirrel and Eastern chipmunk. In the ground squirrel, both NAT activity and melatonin levels exhibited a marked nocturnal rise; these increases were not prevented by the exposure of these animals to a light irradiance of 200 μW/cm2 throughout the night. In the Eastern chipmunk, darkness at night was also associated with a marked rise in both the activity of the acetylating enzyme as well as the levels of melatonin. Again, these rhythms were not suppressed by the exposure of these animals to a light irradiance of 200 μW/cm2 for either 1 night or for 7 nights; exposure of chipmunks to light for 7 consecutive days did, however, reduce the rise in melatonin normally associated with darkness. The non-suppressibility of pineal NAT and melatonin by a 200 μW/cm2 light irradiance may relate either to the activity pattern of these animals, i.e., diurnal, or to their previous lighting history.

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