Nodes of ranvier act as barriers to restrict invasion of flanking paranodal domains in myelinated axons

Courtney Thaxton, Anilkumar M. Pillai, Alaine L. Pribisko, Jeffrey L. Dupree, Manzoor A. Bhat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

54 Scopus citations

Abstract

Accumulation of voltage-gated sodium (Nav) channels at nodes of Ranvier is paramount for action potential propagation along myelinated fibers, yet the mechanisms governing nodal development, organization, and stabilization remain unresolved. Here, we report that genetic ablation of the neuron-specific isoform of Neurofascin (NfascNF186) in vivo results in nodal disorganization, including loss of Nav channel and ankyrin-G (AnkG) enrichment at nodes in the peripheral nervous system (PNS) and central nervous system (CNS). Interestingly, the presence of paranodal domains failed to rescue nodal organization in the PNS and the CNS. Most importantly, using ultrastructural analysis, we demonstrate that the paranodal domains invade the nodal space in NfascNF186 mutant axons and occlude node formation. Our results suggest that NfascNF186-dependent assembly of the nodal complex acts as a molecular boundary to restrict the movement of flanking paranodal domains into the nodal area, thereby facilitating the stereotypic axonal domain organization and saltatory conduction along myelinated axons.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)244-257
Number of pages14
JournalNeuron
Volume69
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 27 2011
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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