NFκB-mediated cyclin D1 expression by microRNA-21 influences renal cancer cell proliferation

Amit Bera, Nandini Ghosh-Choudhury, Nirmalya Dey, Falguni Das, Balakuntalam S. Kasinath, Hanna E. Abboud, Goutam Ghosh Choudhury

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

MicroRNAs regulate post-transcriptomic landscape in many tumors including renal cell carcinoma. We have recently shown significantly increased expression of miR-21 in renal tumors and that this miRNA contributes to the proliferation of renal cancer cells in culture. However, the mechanism by which miR-21 regulates renal cancer cell proliferation is poorly understood. Addiction to constitutive NFκB activity is hallmark of many cancers including renal cancer. Using miR-21 Sponge in renal cancer cells to block endogenous function of miR-21, we show inhibition of phosphorylation of p65 subunit of NFκB, IKKβ and IκB, which results in attenuation of NFκB transcriptional activity. Subtle reduction in the tumor suppressor PTEN has been linked to various malignancies. We showed previously that miR-21 targeted PTEN in renal cancer cells. Inhibition of PTEN by siRNAs restored miR-21 Sponge-induced suppression of phosphorylation of p65, IKKβ, IκB and NFκB transcriptional activity along with reversal of miR-21 Sponge-reduced phosphorylation of Akt. Expression of constitutively active Akt protected against miR-21 Sponge- and PTEN-mediated decrease in p65/IKKβ/IκB phosphorylation and NFκB transcriptional activity. Furthermore, IKKβ and p65 were required for miR-21-induced renal cancer cell proliferation. Interestingly, miR-21 controlled the expression of cyclin D1 through NFκB-dependent transcription. Finally, we demonstrate that miR-21-regulated renal cancer cell proliferation is mediated by cyclin D1 and CDK4. Together, our results establish a molecular order of a phosphatase-kinase couple involving PTEN/Akt/IKKβ and NFκB-dependent cyclin D1 expression for renal carcinoma cell proliferation by increased miR-21 levels.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2575-2586
Number of pages12
JournalCellular Signalling
Volume25
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2013

Keywords

  • MicroRNA
  • NFκB
  • PTEN
  • Renal cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology

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