The search for the ideal therapy for valve replacement continues. The major options include mechanical or tissue valves, with an increasing variety of tissue valves becoming available. The key factor continues to be thrombogenicity versus durabillty. Aortic valve surgery primarily consists of replacement. This is aided by the increased variety of options allowing tailoring of the procedure to the patient's native valve disease. Mitral valve surgery has greater potential for repair, which affords preservation of the native valve, optimizing function and reducing long-term complications. An increasingly popular concept is treatment of secondary or functional mitral valve regurgitation in the setting of depressed left ventricular function. The routine use of intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography and a trend toward the use of minimally invasive procedures are altering the conduct of valve operations.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine