Newborn Hearing Screening Results in Patients with Enlarged Vestibular Aqueduct

Julia Perry, Erica Sher, Kosuke Kawai, Shelby Redfield, Tieqi Sun, Margaret Kenna

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: Enlarged vestibular aqueduct (EVA) is the most common anatomic abnormality contributing to permanent hearing loss (HL) in children. Although the association between EVA and HL is well-documented, the pass rate for the newborn hearing screening (NBHS) for patients with EVA-related HL is not. Our objective was to investigate the association between NBHS results and audiologic and clinical outcomes in a large cohort of pediatric patients with EVA. Methods: This was a retrospective chart review of patients seen in the Boston Children's Hospital (BCH) Department of Otolaryngology and Communication Enhancement with confirmed HL, known NBHS results, and confirmed EVA. Demographic, clinical, audiologic, and imaging data were collected from the medical record. Frequency-specific data points from pure-tone audiograms and/or automated auditory brainstem response tests were recorded, and four-frequency pure tone average was calculated using air conduction thresholds at 500, 1000, 2000, and 4000 Hz. Results: Of the 183 patients included in the study, 84 (45.9%) passed their NBHS, whereas 99 (54.1%) did not pass. Compared with patients who did not pass, patients who passed were more likely to have unilateral EVA and unilateral HL, whereas they were less likely to undergo cochlear implantation and to have causative SLC26A4 variants. Conclusions: EVA-associated HL may be identified at birth or during childhood, with nearly half the patients in this cohort passing their NBHS. Our results provide prognostic information for patients with EVA who pass their NBHS and highlight the importance of regular hearing monitoring for children not initially suspected of having HL. Level of Evidence: 4 Laryngoscope, 133:2786–2791, 2023.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2786-2791
Number of pages6
JournalLaryngoscope
Volume133
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2023
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • enlarged vestibular aqueduct
  • newborn hearing screening
  • otology/neurotology
  • pediatric hearing loss
  • sensorineural hearing loss

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

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