New loci for body fat percentage reveal link between adiposity and cardiometabolic disease risk

Yingchang Lu, Felix R. Day, Stefan Gustafsson, Martin L. Buchkovich, Jianbo Na, Veronique Bataille, Diana L. Cousminer, Zari Dastani, Alexander W. Drong, Toñu Esko, David M. Evans, Mario Falchi, Mary F. Feitosa, Teresa Ferreira, Åsa K. Hedman, Robin Haring, Pirro G. Hysi, Mark M. Iles, Anne E. Justice, Stavroula KanoniVasiliki Lagou, Rui Li, Xin Li, Adam Locke, Chen Lu, Reedik Mägi, John R.B. Perry, Tune H. Pers, Qibin Qi, Marianna Sanna, Ellen M. Schmidt, William R. Scott, Dmitry Shungin, Alexander Teumer, Anna A.E. Vinkhuyzen, Ryan W. Walker, Harm Jan Westra, Mingfeng Zhang, Weihua Zhang, Jing Hua Zhao, Zhihong Zhu, Uzma Afzal, Tarunveer Singh Ahluwalia, Stephan J.L. Bakker, Claire Bellis, Amélie Bonnefond, Katja Borodulin, Aron S. Buchman, Tommy Cederholm, Audrey C. Choh, Hyung Jin Choi, Joanne E. Curran, Lisette C.P.G.M. De Groot, Philip L. De Jager, Rosalie A.M. Dhonukshe-Rutten, Anke W. Enneman, Elodie Eury, Daniel S. Evans, Tom Forsen, Nele Friedrich, Frédéric Fumeron, Melissa E. Garcia, Simone Gärtner, Bok Ghee Han, Aki S. Havulinna, Caroline Hayward, Dena Hernandez, Hans Hillege, Till Ittermann, Jack W. Kent, Ivana Kolcic, Tiina Laatikainen, Jari Lahti, Irene Mateo Leach, Christine G. Lee, Jong Young Lee, Tian Liu, Youfang Liu, Stéphane Lobbens, Marie Loh, Leo Pekka Lyytikaïnen, Carolina Medina-Gomez, Karl Michaëlsson, Mike A. Nalls, Carrie M. Nielson, Laticia Oozageer, Laura Pascoe, Lavinia Paternoster, Ozren Polašek, Samuli Ripatti, Mark A. Sarzynski, Chan Soo Shin, Nina Smolej Naranäiä, Dominik Spira, Priya Srikanth, Elisabeth Steinhagen-Thiessen, Yun Ju Sung, Karin M.A. Swart, Leena Taittonen, Toshiko Tanaka, Emmi Tikkanen, Nathalie Van Der Velde, Natasja M. Van Schoor, Niek Verweij, Alan F. Wright, Lei Yu, Joseph M. Zmuda, Niina Eklund, Terrence Forrester, Niels Grarup, Anne U. Jackson, Kati Kristiansson, Teemu Kuulasmaa, Johanna Kuusisto, Peter Lichtner, Jian'an Luan, Anubha Mahajan, Satu Männistö, Cameron D. Palmer, Janina S. Ried, Robert A. Scott, Alena Stancáková, Peter J. Wagner, Ayse Demirkan, Angela Döring, Vilmundur Gudnason, Douglas P. Kiel, Brigitte Kühnel, Massimo Mangino, Barbara McKnight, Cristina Menni, Jeffrey R. O'Connell, Ben A. Oostra, Alan R. Shuldiner, Kijoung Song, Liesbeth Vandenput, Cornelia M. Van Duijn, Peter Vollenweider, Charles C. White, Michael Boehnke, Yvonne Boettcher, Richard S. Cooper, Nita G. Forouhi, Christian Gieger, Harald Grallert, Aroon Hingorani, Torben Jørgensen, Pekka Jousilahti, Mika Kivimaki, Meena Kumari, Markku Laakso, Claudia Langenberg, Allan Linneberg, Amy Luke, Colin A. McKenzie, Aarno Palotie, Oluf Pedersen, Annette Peters, Konstantin Strauch, Bamidele O. Tayo, Nicholas J. Wareham, David A. Bennett, Lars Bertram, John Blangero, Matthias Blüher, Claude Bouchard, Harry Campbell, Nam H. Cho, Steven R. Cummings, Stefan A. Czerwinski, Ilja Demuth, Rahel Eckardt, Johan G. Eriksson, Luigi Ferrucci, Oscar H. Franco, Philippe Froguel, Ron T. Gansevoort, Torben Hansen, Tamara B. Harris, Nicholas Hastie, Markku Heliövaara, Albert Hofman, Joanne M. Jordan, Antti Jula, Mika Kähönen, Eero Kajantie, Paul B. Knekt, Seppo Koskinen, Peter Kovacs, Terho Lehtimäki, Lars Lind, Yongmei Liu, Eric S. Orwoll, Clive Osmond, Markus Perola, Louis Pérusse, Olli T. Raitakari, Tuomo Rankinen, D. C. Rao, Treva K. Rice, Fernando Rivadeneira, Igor Rudan, Veikko Salomaa, Thorkild I.A. Sørensen, Michael Stumvoll, Anke Tönjes, Bradford Towne, Gregory J. Tranah, Angelo Tremblay, André G. Uitterlinden, Pim Van Der Harst, Erkki Vartiainen, Jorma S. Viikari, Veronique Vitart, Marie Claude Vohl, Henry Völzke, Mark Walker, Henri Wallaschofski, Sarah Wild, James F. Wilson, Loïc Yengo, D. Timothy Bishop, Ingrid B. Borecki, John C. Chambers, L. Adrienne Cupples, Abbas Dehghan, Panos Deloukas, Ghazaleh Fatemifar, Caroline Fox, Terrence S. Furey, Lude Franke, Jiali Han, David J. Hunter, Juha Karjalainen, Fredrik Karpe, Robert C. Kaplan, Jaspal S. Kooner, Mark I. McCarthy, Joanne M. Murabito, Andrew P. Morris, Julia A.N. Bishop, Kari E. North, Claes Ohlsson, Ken K. Ong, Inga Prokopenko, J. Brent Richards, Eric E. Schadt, Tim D. Spector, Elisabeth Widén, Cristen J. Willer, Jian Yang, Erik Ingelsson, Karen L. Mohlke, Joel N. Hirschhorn, John Andrew Pospisilik, M. Carola Zillikens, Cecilia Lindgren, Tuomas Oskari Kilpelaïnen, Ruth J.F. Loos

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    Abstract

    To increase our understanding of the genetic basis of adiposity and its links to cardiometabolic disease risk, we conducted a genome-wide association meta-analysis of body fat percentage (BF%) in up to 100,716 individuals. Twelve loci reached genome-wide significance (Po5108), of which eight were previously associated with increased overall adiposity (BMI, BF%) and four (in or near COBLL1/GRB14, IGF2BP1, PLA2G6, CRTC1) were novel associations with BF%. Seven loci showed a larger effect on BF% than on BMI, suggestive of a primary association with adiposity, while five loci showed larger effects on BMI than on BF%, suggesting association with both fat and lean mass. In particular, the loci more strongly associated with BF% showed distinct cross-phenotype association signatures with a range of cardiometabolic traits revealing new insights in the link between adiposity and disease risk.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Article number10495
    JournalNature communications
    Volume7
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Feb 1 2016

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    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Chemistry(all)
    • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
    • Physics and Astronomy(all)

    Cite this

    Lu, Y., Day, F. R., Gustafsson, S., Buchkovich, M. L., Na, J., Bataille, V., Cousminer, D. L., Dastani, Z., Drong, A. W., Esko, T., Evans, D. M., Falchi, M., Feitosa, M. F., Ferreira, T., Hedman, Å. K., Haring, R., Hysi, P. G., Iles, M. M., Justice, A. E., ... Loos, R. J. F. (2016). New loci for body fat percentage reveal link between adiposity and cardiometabolic disease risk. Nature communications, 7, [10495]. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms10495