Neuropsychological test performance in patients co-infected with hepatitis C virus and HIV

William Perry, Meghan D. Carlson, Fatma Barakat, Robin C. Hilsabeck, Dawn M. Schiehser, Christopher Mathews, Tarek I. Hassanein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

38 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To determine the effect of co-infection on neuropsychological performance in relatively healthy hepatitis C virus (HCV)-alone patients when compared with HCV/ HIV-co-infected patients. Design: To test whether the burden of co-infection with HCV and HIV on the central nervous system results in increased cognitive deficits, we tested 47 HCV-alone and 29 HCV/HIV-co-infected patients on a neuropsychological screening battery of tests of attention, concentration and psychomotor speed. Methods: The neuropsychological test performance of HCV-alone and HCV/HIV-co-infected patients was compared with normative samples. The test performance between HCV-alone and HCV/HIV-co-infected patients was also assessed. Patients with chronic liver disease were divided on the basis of disease severity as determined by fibrosis stage, according to the METAVIR system. Neuropsychological test performance was correlated with fibrosis stage. Results: As previously reported, HCV patients independent of co-infection status demonstrated deficits on neuropsychological measures of attention, concentration and psychomotor speed. No significant differences were found between patients with HCV-alone and HCV/HIV-co-infected patients on the neuropsychological measures. There was a relationship between neuropsychological test performance and fibrosis stage. Conclusion: Relatively healthy patients with HCV (either alone or when co-infected with HIV) may have deficits in the domains of attention, concentration and psychomotor speed. In this study no significant differences were found between patients with HCV alone and HCV/HIV-co-infected patients on neuropsychological measures, but as previously demonstrated, greater fibrosis was associated with poorer performance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S79-S84
JournalAIDS
Volume19
Issue numberSUPPL. 3
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2005

Keywords

  • Co-infection
  • Cognition
  • Fibrosis
  • HIV
  • Hepatitis C virus
  • Neuropsychological testing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Infectious Diseases

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    Perry, W., Carlson, M. D., Barakat, F., Hilsabeck, R. C., Schiehser, D. M., Mathews, C., & Hassanein, T. I. (2005). Neuropsychological test performance in patients co-infected with hepatitis C virus and HIV. AIDS, 19(SUPPL. 3), S79-S84. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.aids.0000192074.18691.31