Neuropsychological functioning among individuals infected with hepatitis C: A comparison of pre- and post-transplant performance

Maiko Sakamoto, Robin C. Hilsabeck, Meghan Hammel, Fatma Barakat, Tarek Hassanein, William Perry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

It is well established that patients with end stage liver disease (ESLD) experience cognitive and mood problems; however, little is known about changes in cognitive and emotional functioning following liver transplantation, especially over the past decade with the epidemic of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection taking over as the leading indication for liver transplantation. Seventeen patients with ESLD secondary to chronic HCV were assessed pre-and post-liver transplantation using a comprehensive neuropsychological battery. After an average of four years post-transplant, patients demonstrated significant improvements in most cognitive functioning and depressive symptoms. However, 18% of liver recipients continued to exhibit mild cognitive impairment mainly in areas of attention/executive functioning, motor speed, and learning. Liver transplantation is a life-extending surgery that reverses most, but not all, cognitive and mood difficulties. It is crucial to evaluate cognition after liver transplantation, especially in these three domains, and to consider the effect on daily functioning.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)67-83
Number of pages17
JournalNeuropsychological Trends
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2015

Keywords

  • Cognitive impairment
  • Depressive symptoms
  • End stage liver disease
  • Hepatitis C
  • Liver transplantation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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