Neoadjuvant therapy use and association with postoperative outcomes and overall survival in patients with extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma

Casey M. Silver, Rachel H. Joung, Charles D. Logan, Al B. Benson, Devalingam Mahalingam, Michael I. D'Angelica, David J. Bentrem, Anthony D. Yang, Karl Y. Bilimoria, Ryan P. Merkow

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background and Objectives: Evidence for neoadjuvant therapy (NAT) in extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (eCCA) is limited. Our objectives were to: (1) characterize treatment trends, (2) identify factors associated with receipt of NAT, and (3) evaluate associations between NAT and postoperative outcomes. Methods: Retrospective cohort study of the National Cancer Database (2004–2017). Multivariable logistic regression assessed associations between NAT and postoperative outcomes. Stratified analysis evaluated differences between surgery first, neoadjuvant chemotherapy, and neoadjuvant chemoradiation (CRT). Results: Among 8040 patients, 417 (5.2%) received NAT. NAT increased during the study period 2.9%–8.4% (p < 0.001). Factors associated with receipt of NAT included age <50 (vs. >75, odds ratio [OR] 4.32, p < 0.001) and stage 3 disease (vs. 1, OR 1.68, p = 0.01). Compared with surgery first, patients who received NAT had higher odds of R0 resection (OR 1.49, p = 0.01) and lower 30-day mortality (OR 0.51, p = 0.04). On stratified analysis, neoadjuvant chemotherapy was not associated with differences in any outcomes. However, neoadjuvant CRT was associated with improvement in R0 resection (OR 3.52, <0.001) and median survival (47.8 vs. 25.3 months, log-rank < 0.001) compared to surgery first. Conclusions: NAT, particularly neoadjuvant CRT, was associated with improved postoperative outcomes. These data suggest expanding the use of neoadjuvant CRT for eCCA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Surgical Oncology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • management trends
  • neoadjuvant chemoradiation
  • neoadjuvant chemotherapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Oncology

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