Hypophysectomy in adult male rats greatly attenuated the nocturnal rise in both pineal N-acetyltransferase (NAT) activity and melatonin content. High nighttime levels of NAT and melatonin were not restored by treating the animals with either prolactin or growth hormone, alone or in combination. Treating intact rats with bromocriptine, which depresses circulating prolactin levels, also was without effect on pineal melatonin synthesis. It appears that neither prolactin nor growth hormone are of major importance in determining pineal melatonin production.
- Pineal gland
- growth hormone
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)