Necrotizing Enterocolitis: Past Trends and Current Concerns

Bonnie Hughes, Lois Baez, Jacqueline M. McGrath

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Necrotizing enterocolitis is the most common gastrointestinal emergency in the preterm infant. It is unpredictable, and the etiology is complex and not well understood. Yet, the care of these infants requires astute assessment and management for the outcome to be favorable. No one can predict to whom or when this life-threatening emergency will occur. The purpose of this article is to explore the physiology of the gastrointestinal tract, the pathophysiology associated with necrotizing enterocolitis, the contributing factors needed to confirm the diagnosis, and the plan of care required for these infants. In addition, a discussion of new management strategies is included.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)156-162
Number of pages7
JournalNewborn and Infant Nursing Reviews
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • Infection
  • Necrotizing enterocolitis
  • Premature infants

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics


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