Nebivolol is a new selective beta 1-adrenoceptor antagonist with nitric oxide (NO)-releasing properties. In the present study we have analyzed whether nebivolol affects the development of the arterial hypertension that follows the chronic inhibition of nitric oxide synthesis. Nebivolol (1 mg/kg/day, 14 days) was given concurrently with the NO synthesis inhibitor Nw-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME, 0.1, 1, and 10 mg/kg/day, 14 days) to several groups of rats. Blood pressure, renal function, plasma renin activity (PRA), and NO activity and metabolites were measured at the end of the treatment period. L-NAME treatment alone increased mean arterial pressure dose dependently (103.5 +/- 2.4, 110.9 +/- 2.0, and 125.8 +/- 2.2 mmHg, respectively). Nebivolol completely prevented the development of arterial hypertension in the groups treated with L-NAME at the doses of 0.1 and 1 mg/kg/day and reduced the increase achieved with the L-NAME dose of 10 mg/kg/day (110.3 +/- 2.7). There were no differences in glomerular filtration rate or natriuresis between nebivolol-treated and -untreated rats. Plasma nitrates+nitrites and calcium-dependent NO synthase activity in the kidney also decreased dose dependently with L-NAME treatment and nebivolol did not significantly modify it. However, PRA was lower in all groups treated with nebivolol and L-NAME as compared to the rats receiving only L-NAME. These data indicate that nebivolol prevents the development of the arterial hypertension associated with chronic NO deficit and this effect seems to be dependent on the inhibition of renin-angiotensin system.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Environmental Science(all)