Background: Early readmissions are an important indicator of the quality of care. Limited data exist describing hospital readmissions in acute diverticulitis. The study aimed to describe unplanned, 30-day readmissions among adult acute diverticulitis patients and to assess readmission predictors. Methods: We analyzed the 2013 and 2014 United States National Readmission Database and identified acute diverticulitis admissions using administrative codes in adult patients older than 18 years of age. Our primary outcome was a 30-day, unplanned readmission rate. We used Chi-square tests, t tests, and Wilcoxon rank-sum tests for descriptive analyses and survey logistic regression to calculate adjusted odds ratios (aORs) and 95% confidence intervals for associations with readmissions adjusting for confounders. Results: In the cohort of 364,511 hospitalizations with acute diverticulitis, as the primary diagnosis on index admission, 31,420 (8.6%) had at least one unplanned 30-day readmission. Sixty percent of the readmissions occurred within the first 2 weeks of the index admission. The most common reasons for unplanned 30-day readmission were due to diverticulitis of the colon (41.5%), postoperative infection (4.2%), septicemia (3.6%), intestinal infection due to Clostridium difficile (3%), and other digestive system complications such bleeding or fistula (2.8%). Multivariable analysis showed advance age (> 75 years), discharge against medical advice, comorbidities (renal failure, coronary artery disease, atrial fibrillation, congestive heart failure, hypertension, diabetes, obesity, weight loss, chronic lung disease, malignancy), blood transfusion, Medicare and Medicaid insurance, and increased length of stay (> 3 days) were associated with significantly higher odds for readmission. Patients who have undergone abdominal surgery during index admission were 31% less likely to get readmitted. Conclusions: On a national level, 1 in 11 hospitalizations for acute diverticulitis was followed by unplanned readmission within 30 days with most admissions occurring in the first 2 weeks. Multiple modifiable and non-modifiable factors influencing readmission rates were noted. Further studies should examine if strategies that address these predictors can decrease readmissions.
- Acute diverticulitis
- National readmission database
- Readmission rates
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