Na+-dependent inactivation of vascular Na+/Ca2+ exchanger responsible for reduced peripheral blood flow in neuropathic pain model

Hirotake Ishida, Momoka Yamaguchi, Shin ya Saito, Takuma Furukawa, John L. Shannonhouse, Yu Shin Kim, Tomohisa Ishikawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Reduced skin blood flow has been reported in neuropathic pain patients as well as various peripheral neuropathic pain model animals. We have previously shown that vasodilators, which improves reduced skin blood flow, correlatively alleviate neuropathic pain in chronic constriction injury (CCI) mice, a model of neuropathic pain from peripheral nerve injury. Here, we sought to elucidate the mechanism underlying the reduced skin blood flow in CCI rats. The skin blood flow of the ipsilateral plantar arteries was significantly reduced compared to that of the contralateral ones 4 weeks after loose ligation of the sciatic nerve. The contraction induced by noradrenaline, serotonin, and U46619, a thromboxane receptor agonist, in the isolated ipsilateral plantar arteries was significantly enhanced compared to that in the contralateral ones. KB-R7943, a Na+/Ca2+ exchanger (NCX) inhibitor, shifted the concentration-response curves of noradrenaline to the left in the contralateral arteries but had no effect on the ipsilateral side. There was no significant difference in concentration-response curves of noradrenaline between the ipsilateral and contralateral arteries in the presence of KB-R7943. Amiloride, a non-specific inhibitor of Na+ channels and transporters, comparably shifted concentration-response curves of noradrenaline to the left in both the contralateral and ipsilateral arteries. One hundred nM of noradrenaline induced intracellular Ca2+ elevation in the ipsilateral arteries, which was significantly larger than that induced by 300-nM noradrenaline in the contralateral arteries. These results suggest that reduced peripheral blood flow after nerve injury is due to Na+-dependent inactivation of NCX in the ipsilateral plantar arteries.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number174448
JournalEuropean Journal of Pharmacology
Volume910
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 5 2021

Keywords

  • Arteries
  • Chronic constriction injury
  • Neuropathic pain
  • Sodium-calcium exchanger
  • Vasoconstriction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

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