Reliable and reproducible myocardial opacification after intravenous administration of echocardiographic contrast agents has remained elusive. This study was performed to determine whether a new agent, FS069, a suspension of perfluoropropane-filled albumin microspheres (3.6 μm average microbubble size, concentration 8 x 88/ml), could achieve safe and successful myocardial opacification in open-chest dogs. Seventeen dogs (group 1, n = 7, group 2, n = 10) underwent two-dimensional echocardiography before, during, and after the administration of intravenous FS069. Safety was evaluated by measuring arterial and pulmonary artery pressures, heart rate, blood gases, systolic function, myocardial blood flow, and postmortem analysis of myocardial viability by triphenyl-tetrazolium chloride staining. Efficacy to detect changes in regional myocardial perfusion was assessed by injecting FS069 at baseline, after sequential coronary occlusions and reperfusion, and during intravenous vasodilators with and without coronary occlusions. Results were compared with radiolabeled microspheres. FS069 was found to be safe and effective. In the absence of coronary occlusions, uniform myocardial opacification was observed in all dogs. A perfusion defect was observed in all dogs during coronary occlusions. Background-subtracted peak contrast intensity in the myocardium correctly identified regional myocardial blood flow changes and showed a significant correlation with radiolabeled microspheres (r = 0.65, p = 0.0001).
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine