The human TP53 gene is a possible tumor suppressor since TP53 gene mutations are observed in >70% of sporadic colorectal carcinoma DNAs. In genomic DNAs from seven colon cancer cell samples, a 405 base pair DNA fragment containing exon 5, intron 5, and exon 6 of the TP53 gene was amplified by polymerase chain reaction and analyzed for mutations. One sample [human colon cancer (HCC) 278] was found to have a TP53 mutation altering the amino acid glutamine 167 in exon 5. A deletion of 2 bases changed glutamine 167 (CAG) to alanine (GCA) and the resulting frame‐shift produced an in‐frame stop codon at amino acid 179. While the normal TP53 gene gives rise to a 53 kD protein, the estimated size of this mutant TP53 protein if expressed would be approximately 20 kD.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research