Musculoskeletal Manifestations of COVID-19: Currently Described Clinical Symptoms and Multimodality Imaging Findings

Imran M. Omar, Jennifer S. Weaver, Jonathan D. Samet, Ali M. Serhal, Winnie A. Mar, Mihra S. Taljanovic

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


COVID-19, the clinical syndrome produced by infection with SARS-CoV-2, can result in multisystem organ dysfunction, including respiratory failure and hypercoagulability, which can lead to critical illness and death. Musculoskeletal (MSK) manifestations of COVID-19 are common but have been relatively underreported, possibly because of the severity of manifestations in other organ systems. Additionally, patients who have undergone sedation and who are critically ill are often unable to alert clinicians of their MSK symptoms. Furthermore, some therapeutic measures such as medications and vaccinations can worsen existing MSK symptoms or cause additional symptoms. Symptoms may persist or occur months after the initial infection, known as post-COVID condition or long COVID. As the global experience with COVID-19 and the vaccination effort increases, certain patterns of MSK disease involving the bones, muscles, peripheral nerves, blood vessels, and joints have emerged, many of which are likely related to a hyperinflammatory host response, prothrombotic state, or therapeutic efforts rather than direct viral toxicity. Imaging findings for various COVID-19–related MSK pathologic conditions across a variety of modalities are being recognized, which can be helpful for diagnosis, treatment guidance, and follow-up.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1415-1432
Number of pages18
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 1 2022
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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