Multivariate analysis of T‐cell functional defects and circulating serum factors in hodgkin's disease

Richard S. Schulof, Richard S. Bockman, John A. Garofalo, Constance Cirrincione, Susanna Cunningham‐Rundles, Gabriel Fernandes, Noorbibi K. Day, Carl M. Pinsky, Genevieve S. Incefy, Howard T. Thaler, Robert A. Good, Sudhir Gupta

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39 Scopus citations

Abstract

A comprehensive immunologic and serologic analysis was performed on 31 untreated patients with Hodgkin's disease. Immune evaluations stressed T‐cell functional activity and included traditional parameters (PHA responsiveness and delayed hypersensitivity skin reactivity), as well as newer functional assays (T‐cell colony formation, chemotaxis, spontaneous and antibody‐dependent cytotoxicity, and concanavalin A‐induced suppressor cell activity (CISA)). Serum factors included ferritin, prostaglandins, zinc, copper, immune complexes, and thymic hormone activity. Every patient exhibited at least one T‐cell or serum abnormality. The greatest percentage of patients exhibited T‐cell defects in chemotaxis (85%), colony formation (81%), and PHA reactivity (64%). Immune defects were more common with advanced disease but were not related to absolute T‐cell or monocyte count, skin test anergy, or abnormalities of Tμ/Tγ cell proportions. Linear relationships were identified among abnormalities in the three assays employing mononuclear cells (PHA, colony formation, CISA) which may have reflected the inhibitory influence of monocytes present in the mononuclear cell preparations. Low serum zinc correlated with marked impairment of T‐cell chemotaxis. Elevated prostaglandins were associated with high PHA reactivity and with depressed colony formation. Our results indicate that many complex factors, including intrinsic T‐cell defects, contribute to the impaired immunity associated with Hodgkin's disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)964-973
Number of pages10
JournalCancer
Volume48
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 15 1981

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

Cite this

Schulof, R. S., Bockman, R. S., Garofalo, J. A., Cirrincione, C., Cunningham‐Rundles, S., Fernandes, G., Day, N. K., Pinsky, C. M., Incefy, G. S., Thaler, H. T., Good, R. A., & Gupta, S. (1981). Multivariate analysis of T‐cell functional defects and circulating serum factors in hodgkin's disease. Cancer, 48(4), 964-973. https://doi.org/10.1002/1097-0142(19810815)48:4<964::AID-CNCR2820480419>3.0.CO;2-B