Multiple Effects of Dexamethasone on Protein Synthesis and Hyperplasia Caused by a Tumor Promoter

John D. Scribner, Thomas J. Slaga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

49 Scopus citations

Abstract

Dexamethasone efficiently inhibits the promotion of tumors in mouse skin by 12-O-tetradecanoyl-phorbol 13-acetate (TPA) and reduces TPA-induced hyperplasia, as determined by histological examination and rate of incorporation of labeled precursors into macromolecules of mouse epidermis. When the protein complement of mouse epidermal cytosol was assayed by electrophoresis on acidic polyacrylamide gels, no significant effect of dexamethasone was found on rapid changes (3 hr) induced by TPA or on the protein complement of epidermis after 24 weeks of treatment. Dexamethasone effected a major reduction in a rapidly migrating protein fraction which was greately enhanced 48 hr after TPA treatment. An early enhancement of a more slowly moving protein fraction was not suppressed by dexamethasone, and this enhancement persisted to all time points investigated. These findings appear to be a direct demonstration that TPA has multiple effects on mouse skin, which can be separately affected by other influences. This is supportive evidence for the proposition that tumor promotion consists of two steps, conversion (of initiated cells to latent tumor cells) and propagation (of latent tumor cells to gross tumors).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)542-546
Number of pages5
JournalCancer Research
Volume33
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1 1973
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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