Multidimensional Assessment of Spirituality/Religion in Patients with HIV: Conceptual Framework and Empirical Refinement

Magdalena Szaflarski, Ian Kudel, Sian Cotton, Anthony C. Leonard, Joel Tsevat, P. Neal Ritchey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations


A decade ago, an expert panel developed a framework for measuring spirituality/religion in health research (Brief Multidimensional Measure of Religiousness/Spirituality), but empirical testing of this framework has been limited. The purpose of this study was to determine whether responses to items across multiple measures assessing spirituality/religion by 450 patients with HIV replicate this model. We hypothesized a six-factor model underlying a collective of 56 items, but results of confirmatory factor analyses suggested eight dimensions: Meaning/Peace, Tangible Connection to the Divine, Positive Religious Coping, Love/Appreciation, Negative Religious Coping, Positive Congregational Support, Negative Congregational Support, and Cultural Practices. This study corroborates parts of the factor structure underlying the Brief Multidimensional Measure of Religiousness/Spirituality and some recent refinements of the original framework.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1239-1260
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Religion and Health
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1 2012



  • Brief Multidimensional Measure of Religiousness/Spirituality
  • HIV
  • Religion
  • Spirituality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)
  • Religious studies

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